Posts Tagged 'Scams'

May 29, 2013

Tips from the Abuse Department: To Catch a Predator

We've all seen the emails exclaiming, "THE KING HAS SENT YOU 1,000,000$ US DOLLARS," or "I NEED A PERSONAL ASSISTANT PAYING 500$ A WEEK." Do people actually fall for these? The answer is YES, many do. They think, "What risk is there replying to this email and possibly getting $1,000,000 or even a fraction of that?" As it turns out, there's a lot of risk.

As the senior manager of SoftLayer's abuse department, I know all about these kinds of scams, and I thought I'd reply to one of those emails to show what the interaction usually looks like and explain how the scam works.

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From: "Freddy Scammer" <scammer@address>
To: "Freddy Scammer" <scammer@address>
Subject: PA URGENTLY NEEDED

Hi, I am looking for a Personal Assistant, Kindly let me know if you are interested, and i can send you more details. Thank you

Freddy Scammer
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First, notice that my address email address isn't listed in the TO field or even the CC field. I must be BCC'd along with many others. I've changed the scammer's fake name to a more fitting name, and I'll use masculine pronouns when I talk about "him." According to our friends over at 419scam.org, this guy has been flagged as a scammer using the same name and email address. The name he provided actually belongs to a company that produces lamps as well as an American historian who focuses on colonization, decolonization and African history.

In the initial message, you'll see that there's no "all or nothing" proposition. Just like any scam, the scammer requests and provides information slowly to reel in a victim.

I replied back:

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From: <MY-EMAIL-ADDRESS>
To: <scammer@address>
Subject: RE: PA URGENTLY NEEDED

Doing What?
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I wanted to keep it short to see if I could get him to tell me more. He didn't disappoint:

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From: Freddy Scammer <scammer@address>
To: <MY-EMAIL-ADDRESS>
Subject: Re: PA URGENTLY NEEDED

Hello

Thanks for your reply, I got your email through the Chamber of Commerce directory. I am looking for someone who can handle my business errands during his or her spare time. I need your service because I am constantly traveling abroad on a missionary trip to build homes for orphaned children and doing other business as we are franchise company into alot of things.

Responsibilities:
1. Receive my mail and drop them off. {Your location doesn't matter as long as you have a post office nearby}
2. Pay my bills.
3. pay our workers on a regular basis

I would have love to meet with you to discuss this job in more detail, but I am currently away on a missionary trip. If you decide to accept the position, please read the employment requirements listed below.
REQUIREMENTS:
A. You are an honest and trustworthy citizen.
B. You need to be able to check your email regular and answer calls.

The pay is $500 weekly and you are entitled to other additional incentives after 1 month if you are hardworking. First, If I were to mail you a payment to
pay people that are needed to and your payment for your service, where would you want it mailed to?

Secondly, how would you like your name to appear on the payment? Note, payment would come in form of Check.

Provide me with the following details below to get started.

Full Name:
Complete Address(No PO Box allowed):
City:
State:
Country:
Zip Code:
Home Phone:
Cell Phone:
Age:
Occupation(If any):
Alternative Email if available:

Awaiting your prompt reply.
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Sounds easy enough right? Well it is easy. Who couldn't use an extra $500 a week! But there are a few problems here. If this sounds a lot like a "money mule" (or money laundering) type of situation, that's because it is! A money mule is a person who transfers money acquired illegally (e.g., stolen) in person, through a courier service, or electronically, on behalf of others. The mule is paid for their services, typically a small part of the money transferred.

Money mules are often dupes recruited on-line for what they think is legitimate employment, not aware that the money they are transferring is the product of crime. The money is transferred from the mule's account to the scam operator, typically in another country. Similar techniques are used to transfer illegal merchandise.

After a quick Google search for a few of the sentences in his message, I found out that this guy is low-balling me! He's offering $600 a week in other listings ... I'm hurt! I replied to see if I could get him off script:

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From: <MY-EMAIL-ADDRESS>
To: <scammer@address>
Subject: RE: PA URGENTLY NEEDED

So all I have to do is receive packages and re-ship them to where you tell me to,, also receive payments and cash it out and re-pay workers? How will I be paying them, what method? How often will I have to mail packages out and how big are they, who will pay for shipping?
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He was quick to respond:

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From: Freddy Scammer <scammer@address>
To: <MY-EMAIL-ADDRESS>
Subject: Re: PA URGENTLY NEEDED

Your going to be receiving payment mostly and it has already been paid for, for the shipping . All you have to do is receive and go ahead and cash it ....... Then i will tell you what to do with the money or whoever to pay with it. got me?
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Color me amazed. All I have to do is receive a check and cash it?! What luck!

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From: <MY-EMAIL-ADDRESS>
To: <scammer@address>
Subject: RE: PA URGENTLY NEEDED
Ok seems easy enough. But I only have a PO BOX, why would this be a problem? I currently don't have a permanent address as I'm staying with a friend trying to get back on my feet and I'm not on the house lease so I can't receive mail here. Is that going to be a problem?
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Now none of this is true, but I knew that this would throw Freddy off of his game. Most scammers don't allow a post office box because they don't want to be scammed ... What's to prevent the "victim" from renting a P.O. Box for a month, getting the check, cashing it and cancelling that P.O. Box? That possibility is a risk that scammers don't like to take. There have even been reports that in some instances, the scammers will send goons to your house if you don't hold up your end of the deal.

This whole underground world that you can get quickly and easily sucked into is exciting isn't it?

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From: Freddy Scammer <scammer@address>
To: <MY-EMAIL-ADDRESS>
Subject: Re: PA URGENTLY NEEDED

I'm afraid a PO BOX will not suffice, you can perhaps use a family members address and we can start the payments as soon as you send me the info. Please reply with the most urgent intent as I only have a few positions left as my assistant.
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At this point, I didn't bother emailing back. It's pretty obvious how easy it could be for someone down on their luck financially (or just bored) to get sucked into this type of scam. What's actually happening here is that the scammer wants to send money from a compromised account to the victim's legit account and then have the victim withdraw 90%-95% of the money and send it to another account that the bad guy has legitimate access to (probably over-seas). The victim would get to keep 5% for their troubles. Often the checks that are sent won't clear, so a victim thinks the funds are in his/her account ... Money is forwarded to the scammer from the victim's legitimate account and it clears before the funds from the scammer's deposited check disappear.

In some instances, scammers will buy high-priced items online with stolen credit card numbers and have those items shipped to the victim's house. The victim will then ship them to a different address. The bad guy has nothing to lose, and the victim takes all the risk.

The challenge with pursuing these scammers from a legal perspective is that they are often based in regions and areas out of the jurisdiction of our law enforcement authorities. As a result, they usually aren't caught, and they just move along to their next unsuspecting victim.

If you receive a "too good to be true" email from someone you don't know, let me spoil the surprise for you: It's not true.

-Dody

Categories: 
July 8, 2010

Scams

So I’m sitting at my desk pondering deep, legal thoughts: “What is more boring to read – a patent or a real property lease?” “Why does our CFO like to wear pink?” “I wonder if we left food on the counter, and if The Dog ate it?” And then I think, “Can a lawyer be scammed?” As in scammed by the Nigerian email scam? (Rest easy - this is a hypothetical as far as your lawyer is concerned. The answer is a resounding “No!” At least, not yet, to date…..) After all, the lawyer is the one to sue people when you fall for the scams. And the lawyer is generally cynical and wary and suspecting.

But, alas – in general, the lawyer can be scammed. One Texas lawyer was approached by a Japanese client to do collections work. He agreed and was in the process of initiating the process when the client indicated that one of the companies that owed it money had paid. So the client sent the check to the law firm to deposit and indicated that the firm should deduct their fee and wire the rest of the money back, and then proceed with the remainder of the collections. The Texas lawyer had his staff check to see if the check cleared, and it was allegedly confirmed by the bank that it had cleared. So the fee was deducted and the rest of the money ($182,500.00) was wired back to the Japanese client. Shortly after the wire transfer took place, it was determined that the check was fraudulent, and they tried to stop the transfer, but it was too late. After realizing he had been scammed, the lawyer declared, “I’m a capital ‘D’ Dumbass.” http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1202427717175. Other attorneys have fallen for this, or slight variations, as well. http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1202448356229.

Another attempt at scamming that we in-house attorney types see quite often involves a company’s trademarks or domain names. The email typically reads as follows:

Dear Manager

We are a professional intellectual property rights consultant organiz-ation, mainly deal with the global domain name registration and in-ternet intellectual property rights protection. On March. 22th, 2010, we formally received an application from KangShen Technology Lim-ited, they applied to register the internet brand (softlayer) and some in China and Asia's domain name.

During our preliminary investigation, we found that these domain names' keyword is fully identical with your trademark. Therefore, we need to confirm with you, whether you consigned KangShen Techno-logy Limited to register these domain names with us or not? Or, is KangShen Technology Limited your business partner or distributor?

If you have no relationship with this company, we assume that they have other purposes to obtain these domain names.

Currently, we have already suspended this company's application temporarily due to the seriousness of this isuue. In order to avoid the vicious domain name grabbing, please let the relevant person make a confirmation with me via email as soon as possible. Thank you for your support to our work!

Best Regards!

Well, that doesn’t seem like a scam. Those nice people are letting us know that some other company is wrongfully trying to register our domain name in China and Asia. How can that be a scam? Here’s what happens:

Dear Nice Chinese Registrar Company:

Thank you for alerting us to this evil deed. No – KangShen Technology Limited is not our business partner or distributor. They are trying to usurp our valuable trademark and domain names in China and Asia. Please do not allow this registration to go forward. Thanks again for being so alert!

Dear SoftLayer:

You are so welcome! We are so glad we prevented them from illicitly using your domain name. In order to protect your rights to these domain names that they tried to register, we will register all of them for you in China and Asia for $3,800.00 USD. Please let us know when to proceed.

So then you wire your money to the Nice Chinese Registrar Company, and you never hear from them again, and your money is long gone. So what seems to be a Registrar trying to help you out, turns out to be a scam.

Lessons: Lawyers can be scammed. Trust no one on the Internets. Do not share any personal information or credit card information with anyone (or any entity) that asks for it in an email. No one is just going to give you money. If you just want to give your money away, play the lottery or give it to me. CFO’s who like pink appear to be inherently evil.

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